Hutchinson’s teeth (notched incisors). Indicative of congenital syphilis.
The physical lifting of the testicles to relieve the pain of epididymitis, but not the pain caused by testicular torsion.
- Negative Prehn’s sign = no pain relief with lifting the affected testicle, which points towards testicular torsion which is a surgical emergency and must be relieved within six hours
- Positive Prehn’s sign indicates there is pain relief with lifting the affected testicle, which points towards epididymitis
Steinberg sign / thumb sign
Clinical sign of Marfan syndrome
“the thumb projects beyond the ulnar border while completely opposed within the clenched hand”
Hinchey’s Classification of Diverticulosis (developed by EJ Hinchey):
Clinical staging by Hinchey’s classification is geared toward choosing the proper surgical procedure when diverticulitis is complicated, as follows:
Stage I disease - Small or confined pericolic or mesenteric abscess
Stage II disease - Large abscess, often confined to the pelvis
Stage III disease - Perforated diverticulitis causing generalized purulent peritonitis
Stage IV disease - Rupture of diverticula into the peritoneal cavity with fecal contamination causing generalized fecal peritonitis
In 1743, Francoise de La Peyronie described the cases of 3 men with fibrous thickening of the penile shaft, painful erections, and penile curvature.
“Mees lines are white transverse striations of the nails (striate leukonychiae) that appear 3 to 6 weeks after exposure As a nonspecific manifestation of nail matrix injury, Mees lines can be seen in a number of other conditions including thallium poisoning, chemotherapy, and a variety of systemic disorders.”
From Bradley’s Neurology in Clinical Practice, 6th ed.